The different Body types

The different body types: A lot of people want to lose a few pounds. Conventional recommendations say to eat less and exercise more, but is that the way to go? Depending on what’s going on inside your body, there may be more to it than that. Extreme dieting and strenuous exercise could make you gain weight and make imbalances worse. Can you tell what type of body is yours?

When it comes to overall health knowing your body type is very important. Understanding the different body types can give you insight into how yours works best. 

The different body types

There are 3 different body types are there:

  • The structural type
  • The hormonal type
  • The ayurvedic type 

The structural body types

American psychologist William Sheldon popularized the three structural body types (ectomorph, endomorph, and mesomorph) in the 1940s, theorizing that there are three different essential bodily structures, which account for the most typical statures. 

The structural body types are the ways that people are built that account for the combination of their metabolic ability and natural ability to retain body weight and body fat. 

  • Ectomorph, 
  • Endomorph and 
  • Mesomorph


Ectomorphs are effortlessly thin. (They would likely be the “Vata” body type.) They are super active and athletic, can eat whatever they want without any consequence to their weight, get full easily. They are most resistant to weight gain because of a fast metabolism.

Ectomorph body type

People with this body type have little observable body fat, they are only lightly muscled, and have a small frame and joints. To maximize body composition as an ectomorph, eat good-quality fats with a moderate protein intake of about 25 to 30 grams per meal. i.e., four meals per day if you have a pre-training mini-meal.

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It is a bulky type. Endomorphs are exactly opposite to ectomorphs, which is that they are naturally heavier and more prone to storing fat. 

Endomorph body type

It is difficult for Endomorphs to lose weight and they have little muscle tone. It can be difficult to come to terms with the realization that you are likely to gain weight very easily.


It is the lean type. These types of bodies are genetically blessed. Mesomorphs are effortlessly “in shape.”It is super easy to build muscle mass, Mesomorphs can lose and gain weight easily.


This body type tends to have a long torso(trunk of the human body) and short limbs. Women with a mesomorph body type are strong and tend to have an athletic physique. Mesomorphs excel in explosive sports. This body type has a higher percentage of fast-twitch fibers and will gain muscle mass more quickly than any other body type.

The hormonal body types

Eric Berg, A weight loss expert popularized the concept of hormone-based body types, after discovering that many people were struggling to lose weight because it’s actually hormonal imbalances keeping it there. 

There are 4 different hormonal body types are there,

  • Adrenal
  • Thyroid
  • Liver and 
  • Ovary

Adrenal type:

The adrenal body type accumulates more fat storage at the lower belly, especially sagging. The main cause of this is stress, and it may be difficult for those people with this body type to relax or sleep restfully. An adrenal body type is likely to develop memory problems.

These people tend to have round faces and find it almost impossible to lose weight in their mid-section no matter how much dieting or working out they do. They have apple-shaped bodies

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Thyroid type:

This body type is governed by thyroid function and is responsible for making it either very difficult to lose weight, or hard to gain weight. This type of body usually gains weight all over the body, usually because of high levels of estrogen. 

Those with this body type often crave sweets, are increasingly tired, have cold feet, and may suffer from hair loss. They are rectangle-shaped.

Liver type:

This body type is governed by the body’s inability to process overconsumption of alcohol or processed foods. They have regular right shoulder pain because the liver is on the right side. They are inverted triangle shaped.

Ovary type:

The Ovary body type is governed by the imbalances in estrogen production. The ovary body shape is also related to female hormones, where the person gains weight in the thighs and lower belly. 

This type tends to have menstrual cycle issues. Especially, heavy bleeding to irregular periods to ovary cysts and even fibroids. That is why men do not have the Ovary body type. They have pear-shaped bodies.

Hormonal body types

The Ayurvedic body types

It is also called ‘DOSHAS’. The Doshas are the Ayurvedic understanding of body type and have been used for centuries. It is based on the idea that everything on Earth is made of some combination of elements (fire, air, water) and so the bodies are also made from different combinations.

The physiology of the human body is governed by three main forces, which are commonly known as the 3 doshas. Although dosha literally means faulty or to cause harm, they only do so when they are functioning abnormally, Said Dr.Marc Halper.

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The ayurvedic types not only deals with physical health but also mental health and behavior of those body types.

  • Pitta,
  • Vata and 
  • Kapha.


Pitta contains the properties of the fire and water element.Pitta regulates all metabolic processes in the body as well as body temperature and our hormonal balance. They have mesomorph characteristics.


Vata body type is associated with movement — composed of Space and Air. They are referred to as Ectomorphs. They have the same characteristics as Ectomorphs.


Kapha governs the structure of the body. It is the principle that holds the cells together with the muscle, fat, bone. The primary function of Kapha is protection.They would likely be the Endomorph body type.

Ayurvedic bodytypes
Image by Joyful belly

The conclusion

Don’t worry about your body shape or size. Just know your body type and prepare your workout and diet routine accordingly. Don’t go with the FAD diets that don’t work on your body.

I hope this article(different body types) is helpful for you.

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Mujja Saikumar, founder of The Muscly Advisor is an Aeronautical engineering graduate formed an obsession with fitness and helping people to clear all the health and fitness-related doubts through Blogs, videos, and social media. Instagram | Facebook | Twitter

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